Search   site navigation welcome healthy heart anatomy cardiac diseases surgical procedures& innovations aortic surgery atrial fibrillation surgery cardiac assist devices coronary artery bypass graft heart transplantation minimally invasive & robotic cardiac surgery pacemakers & defibrillators pediatric cardiac surgery ross procedure valve repair & replacement bow-tie procedure evalve (everest) ross procedure patient experience prevention & screening programs & centers clinical research glossary newsletters faqs resources & links what’s new faculty & staff contact & referrals procedures & innovations atrial fibrillation surgery definition atrial fibrillation (af) is a form of arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat, in which the atria (the two small upper chambers of the heart) quiver instead of beating effectively. viagra plus puissant viagra It is one of the most common forms of cardiac arrhythmia, affecting 0. buy viagra cheap 4% of the general population and 5 to 10% of persons over 65 years of age. viagra cost In addition, af occurs in as many as 50% of patients undergoing cardiac operations. buy viagra online Abnormalities in the heart's electrical impulses in patients with af cause blood to be pumped improperly, resulting in pooling or clotting. cheap generic viagra If a blood clot moves to an artery in the brain, af can lead to stroke. viagra private prescription uk Af is also associated with increased risk of congestive heart failure and cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease). costo viagra vs viagra These risks warrant medical attention for patients with af even if symptoms are mild. While nonsurgical treatment options, such as electrical cardioversion, often help restore a normal rhythm initially, recurrence rates as high as 75% have been reported. costo viagra vs viagra Columbia's surgical atrial fibrillation program is led by michael argenziano, md, director of arrhythmia surgery, and the af management team includes mehmet c. costo viagra vs viagra Oz, md, yoshifumi naka, md and mathew williams, md, who are trained in the most innovative treatment options for atrial fibrillation. viagra without a doctor prescription The columbia team has performed surgical atrial fibrillation ablation (safa) in more than ccc patients, with a success rate (normal rhythm) at 6-12 months of 76%. The majority of these operations have been performed in conjunction with other cardiac procedures (such as valve repair or coronary bypass), but the procedure can also been used for atrial fibrillation as the sole indication. A brief overview of the treatment optio. generic viagra online  

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